Showing posts with label Mansa Musa. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Mansa Musa. Show all posts

Musa I of Mali – biography, fact, career, awards, net worth and life story

Musa Keita was the 10th Mansa, which interprets as "Sultan" or "Emperor", of the rich West African Mali Empire.

On the time of Musa's upward thrust to the throne, the Malian Empire consisted of territory previously belonging to the Ghana Empire in gift-day southern Mauritania and in Melle and the immediate surrounding areas.

Musa held many titles, together with Emir of Melle, Lord of the Mines of Wangara, Conqueror of Ghanata, and at the least a dozen others.

It's miles stated that Mansa Musa had conquered 24 cities, each with surrounding districts containing villages and estates, for the duration of his reign.

Musa Keita turned into noted Mansa Musa in Western manuscripts and literature.

His name also appears as Kankou Musa, Kankan Musa, and Kanku Musa.

'Kankou' is a famous Manding girl's name, for that reason Kankou Musa reads 'Musa whose mother became Kankou'.

Other options are Mali-Koy Kankan Musa, Gonga Musa, and the Lion of Mali. Lineage and accession to the throne.

In line with Ibn-Khaldun's complete history of the Malian kings, Mansa Musa's grandfather becomes Abu-Bakr Keita, a brother of Sundiata Keita, the founding father of the Malian Empire as recorded via oral histories.

Abu-Bakr did no longer ascend the throne, and his son, Musa's father, Faga Laye, has no importance in the history of Mali.

Mansa Musa Keita came to the throne via a practice of appointing a deputy when a king goes on his pilgrimage to Mecca or some other undertaking, and later naming the deputy as inheritor.

In keeping with number one resources, Musa turned into appointed deputy of Abubakari Keita II, the king earlier than him, who had reportedly launched into a day trip to explore the limits of the Atlantic Ocean, and never returned.

Musa's son and successor, Mansa Magha Keita, turned into also appointed deputy all through Musa's pilgrimage.

Musa became a devout Muslim, and his pilgrimage to Mecca made him well-known across northern Africa and the center East.

To Musa, Islam turned into "An access into the classy world of the eastern Mediterranean".

Musa furnished all requirements for the procession, feeding the whole employer of fellows and animals.

Musa gave the gold to the terrible he met along his route.

Musa no longer handiest gave to the cities he surpassed at the way to Mecca, including Cairo and Medina, however, also traded gold for souvenirs.

Musa's journey changed into documented by means of numerous eyewitnesses along his course, who were in awe of his wealth and significant procession, and facts exist in a spread of assets, including journals, oral debts, and histories.

Musa is understood to have visited the Mamluk sultan of Egypt, Al-Nasir Muhammad, in July 1324.

Musa's generous movements inadvertently devastated the economy of the areas thru which he passed.

Inside the cities of Cairo, Medina, and Mecca, the unexpected influx of gold devalued the steel for the following decade.

To rectify the gold market, on his way lower back from Mecca, Musa borrowed all the gold he may want to deliver from money-creditors in Cairo, at excessive interest.

At some stage in his long return adventure from Mecca in 1325, Musa heard the news that his military had recaptured Gao.

Musa made a detour and visited the city wherein he obtained, as hostages, the 2 sons of the Gao king, Ali Kolon and Suleiman Nar.

While Mansa Musa back, he delivered again many Arabian students and designers.

Musa embarked on a big constructing application, raising mosques and madrasas in Timbuktu and Gao.

In Niani, Musa constructed the corridor of the target market, a building speaking by an interior door to the royal palace.

It's miles recorded that Mansa Musa traveled through the towns of Timbuktu and Gao on his way to Mecca, and made them part of his empire when he lower back round 1325.

Timbuktu soon have become a middle of alternate, lifestyle, and Islam; markets introduced in merchants from Hausaland, Egypt, and other African kingdoms, a university turned into founded inside the city, and Islam changed into unfolding through the markets and university, making Timbuktu a new region for Islamic scholarship.

Information on the Malian empire's town of wealth even traveled throughout the Mediterranean to southern Europe, wherein traders from Venice, Granada, and Genoa soon brought Timbuktu to their maps to change manufactured items for gold.

The University of Sankore in Timbuktu becomes restaffed below Musa's reign with jurists, astronomers, and mathematicians.

In 1330, the dominion of Mossi invaded and conquered the metropolis of Timbuktu.

Gao had already been captured by using Musa's well-known, and Musa quickly regained Timbuktu and constructed a rampart and stone citadel, and positioned a standing military to guard the city against destiny invaders.

While Musa's palace has considering the fact that vanished, the university and mosque still stand in Timbuktu these days.

By way of the stop of Mansa Musa's reign, the Sankoré University has been converted into a fully staffed university with the most important collections of books in Africa since the Library of Alexandria.

The dying date of Mansa Musa is rather debated amongst current historians and the Arab students who recorded the history of Mali.

Whilst in comparison to the reigns of his successors, son Mansa Maghan and older brother Mansa Suleyman, and Musa's recorded 25 years of rule, the calculated date of death is 1332.

Other information declares Musa planned to abdicate the throne to his son Maghan, however, he died soon after he returned from Mecca in 1325.

In line with an account by using Ibn-Khaldun, Mansa Musa turned into alive when the city of Tlemcen in Algeria turned into conquered in 1337, as he sent a representative to Algeria to congratulate the conquerors on their victory.


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